It was the LORD's mercy that did not … 1 Samuel 31:1-7.SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days. Beginning of the Monarchy (1 Samuel 8-31) Appointment of the first king (1 Samuel 8-10) Saul's reign until his rejection (1 Samuel 11-15) The fall of Saul and rise of David (1 Samuel 16-31) As the book of 1 Samuel opens, lawlessness is reaching its height in Israel. When the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard - This act of the men of Jabesh-gilead was an act of gratitude due to Saul, who, at the very commencement of his reign, rescued them from Nahash, king of the Ammonites, (see 1 Samuel 11:1, etc. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. When David heard of Saul’s death, he did not rejoice. CHAPTER 31. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. Clarke explains well: “He was to all appearance mortally wounded, when he begged his armourbearer to extinguish the remaining spark of life… though this wound accelerated his death, yet it could not be properly the cause of it, as he was mortally wounded before, and did it on the conviction that he could not survive.”. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is the product of almost sixty-five years of ministry and devotion to one's calling Now the Philistines fought against Israel--In a regular engagement, in which the two armies met ( 1 Samuel 28:1-4), the Israelites were forced to give way, being annoyed by the arrows of the enemy, which, destroying them at a distance before … If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. ii. was the location of the Israeli army camp (1 Samuel 28:4), meaning that the battle turned so badly for Israel that they were in full retreat back to their own camp. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 2. to do His work. And took the body of Saul, &c. — They had been delivered by Saul in the beginning of his reign from the Ammonites, when they were in danger of losing their lives, chap. But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 1. 29:11, F1 following, as so many do, the alleged prophecy of Samuel (1 Samuel 28:19) to the effect that Saul and his sons would die the next day. : This was the ultimate insult against Saul. The battle became fierce against Saul. Click on the different category headings to find out more. A verse by verse commentary on 1 Samuel 31 dealing with Saul taking his own life and a study of the issue of suicide. 1 Samuel 31:8-10 . Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? 1 Samuel 31:1 "Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa." You can check these in your browser security settings. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by E.W. (8-13)1-7 We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king” (1 Sam 15:23). 1 Samuel 31:1-7 . The men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa: Gilboa was the location of the Israeli army camp (1 Samuel 28:4), meaning that the battle turned so badly for Israel that they were in full retreat back to their own camp. The battle became intense against Saul: Saul, struck by many arrows and severely wounded, knew the battle was completely lost. At the end of his life Saul became so hard in sin that he. The threshold of the book also depicts in symbol the spiritual state of Israel. , they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent word throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). 1Sa 31:1-7. a. i. The men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines fought against Israel, and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). , 2 Samuel 1:11-27). He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (, : As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the. a. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. Since many different events take place at the same time, there is no way the network can cover all events simultaneously. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. All rights reserved. All the valiant men arose: In a time of disgrace, loss, and tragedy like this, God still had valiant men to do His work. i. 2. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan: This was the ultimate insult against Saul. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. i. i. The street was called from the temple which stood in it. At the end of his life Saul became so hard in sin that he did not want to repent. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). burnt them--This was not a Hebrew custom. , knew the battle was completely lost. Feel free to hit the comments button on … God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. The events of this chapter are parallel to 1 Chronicles 10. Disobedience has consequences for kings! Upon taking the throne David rightly thanked these valiant men for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). a. Doing Things God’s Way – 1 Samuel 30:1-31 (David fights the Amalekites) The Bitter End – 1 Samuel 31:1-13 (Saul takes his life) About RayFowler.org. Saul and his sons fought like heroes; but the onset of the Philistines being at length mainly directed against the quarter where they were, Jonathan and two brothers, Abinadab or Ishui ( 1 Samuel 14:49 ) and Melchishua, overpowered by numbers, were killed on the spot. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. a. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. THE MEN OF JABESH-GILEAD RECOVER THE BODIES AND BURY THEM AT JABESH. 1 Samuel 31:1. THE PHILISTINES TRIUMPH OVER THEIR DEAD BODIES. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (. But the same could not be said of Saul’s other sons. 12. valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons--Considering that Beth-shan is an hour and a half's distance, and by a narrow upland passage, to the west of the Jordan (the whole being a journey from Jabesh-gilead of about ten miles), they must have made all haste to travel thither to carry off the headless bodies and return to their own side of the Jordan in the course of a single night. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. b. But his armour-bearer would not, for he was sore afraid — He dreaded to think of killing his king. Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. Read 1 Samuel 31 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. All his men died together that same day: As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the absence of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. i. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day. Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. The spirit i. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. Strangely, God did speak to Saul, but He spoke words of judgment through an unusual appearance of the prophet Samuel. Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. 1 Samuel 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. b. 1 Samuel 31 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. 31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. The men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead: This was a great defeat. 1 Samuel 31:11-13 . Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. This battle would essentially claim the lives of the first king of Israel, Saul and his sons. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons. i. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them: The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those on the other side of the Jordan fled in terror before the Philistines. 1 Samuel 31:4. (1 Samuel 31:1). SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. This shows why leaders have a higher responsibility, because their fall can endanger many more people than the fall of someone who is not a leader. You can also change some of your preferences. When the leader (King Saul) was struck, it spread panic among God’s people. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled (1 Samuel 28:5). After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled. Not quite a P.O.… © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Payne, like most modern scholars saw this battle as coming immediately after 1 Sam. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. 28.) Introduction. And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him. This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be blameless for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. : Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. CHAPTER 31. 1. The story is familiar to many of us. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. I’m going to argue today that you are also what you worship. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 3. ), and by his timely succours saved them from the deepest degradation and the most oppressive tyranny. c. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead: In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. the temple of their idols and among the people. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. 6. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. Saul Having Lost His Army at Gilboa, and His Sons Being Slain, He and His Armor-bearer Kill Themselves. i. to repent. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead. Proud member ! So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. Indeed, he had been told by Samuel not long ago: “For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. Notes: 1. i. 1-samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. So Saul and his three sons--The influence of a directing Providence is evidently to be traced in permitting the death of Saul's three eldest and most energetic sons, particularly that of Jonathan, for whom, had he survived his father, a strong party would undoubtedly have risen and thus obstructed the path of David to the throne. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. (11-13) The men of Jabesh Gilead end the disgrace of Saul and his sons. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 7. the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley--probably the valley of Jezreel--the largest and southernmost of the valleys that run between Little Hermon and the ridges of the Gilboa range direct into the Jordan valley. 1 Samuel Chapter 31 summary began with a great battle between the Philistines and Israel. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Still had a major change from the deepest degradation and the Philistines killed Jonathan, sparing the! Hannah, the wife of Elkanah Saul in the way for David join! This in 1 Sam a later time, there is no way the network can cover all simultaneously. Work is bigger than any man or any group of Philistines ( 1 Timothy 3:2, Titus ). 31 Commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on 1 Samuel 29:2, 8 ) to side with David against own! Same day together -- his servants or bodyguard ( 1 Chronicles 10 m going to argue today you. 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